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EIGRP-Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol

It is Described as Hybrid Routing Protocol
Administrative Distance(AD)-90
Supports CIDR and VLSM
It uses Diffusion Algorithm to find Best Path
Metric=256x(Bandwidth+Delay)
It uses RTP(Reliable Transport Protocol)
Multiple Protocol Support
Fast Convergence


Now we are going to see EIGRP Routing configurations with simple network topology using packet tracer,

Step 1:First Create a topology like this,and configure ip address to

all interfaces and PC.






Router R1,Configuration


In Global configuration mode,

R1(config)#interface fastethernet 0/0
R1(config-if)#ip address 10.0.0.1 255.0.0.0
R1(config-if)#no shutdown
R1(config-if)#exit

Once you have given no shutdown command the port become up

R1(config)#interface serial 2/0
R1(config-if)#ip address 20.0.0.1 255.0.0.0
R1(config-if)#clock rate 64000
R1(config-if)#encapsulation ppp
R1(config-if)#no shutdown
R1(config-if)#exit



i.e.Always keep in mind to configure clock rate at DCE(Data Communication Equipment).we can see clock symbol at the serial interface that is DCE other End is DTE(Data Terminal Equipment).To
avoid confusion just give this command on both side.


Now, "Interface Serial2/0, changed state to down" ,Because other end of the serial interface not configured.So we have to configure other end of the serial interface in R2,then this interface become up.




Router R2,Config


In Global configuration mode,

R2#config terminal
R2(config)#interface serial 2/0
R2(config-if)#ip address 20.0.0.2 255.0.0.0
R2(config-if)#encapsulation ppp
R2(config-if)#no shutdown
R2(config-if)#exit

Interface Serial2/0 and Line protocol on Interface Serial2/0 changed state to up


R2(config)#
R2(config)#interface serial 3/0
R2(config-if)#ip address 30.0.0.1 255.0.0.0
R2(config-if)#clock rate 64000
R2(config-if)#encapsulation ppp
R2(config-if)#no shutdown
R2(config-if)#exit




Router R3,Config


In Global configuration mode,


R3(config)#interface serial 3/0
R3(config-if)#ip address 30.0.0.2 255.0.0.0
R3(config-if)#encapsulation ppp
R3(config-if)#no shutdown
R3(config-if)#exit


Interface Serial3/0 and Line protocol, changed state to up


R3(config)#interface fastethernet0/0
R3(config-if)#ip address 40.0.0.1 255.0.0.0
R3(config-if)#no shutdown
R3(config-if)#exit


Interface fastethernet0/0 and line protocol,changed state to up

After all ip address assigned then lights in all interfaces  become green.If anything wrong we get red or amber.






Step 2:Now we see how to configure EIGRP routing protocols in this routers.


R1 Router,In Global Configuration mode,


R1(config)#router eigrp 200
R1(config-router)#network 10.0.0.0
R1(config-router)#network 20.0.0.0
R1(config-router)#exit

R2 Router,In Global Configuration mode,

R2(config)#router eigrp 200
R2(config-router)#network 20.0.0.0
R2(config-router)#network 30.0.0.0
R2(config-router)#exit


R3 Router,In Global Configuration mode,


R3(config)#router eigrp 200
R3(config-router)#network 30.0.0.0
R3(config-router)#network 40.0.0.0
R3(config-router)#exit

i.e.here 200 is Atonomous System Number,it is used to grouping of routers under common admistration,Routers in different Atonomous Number
will not communicate with each other.So,Atonomous should be same in all routers.




Step 3:Now check the routing table by giving this command,


In Router R1,Privileged mode


R1#show ip route

Codes: C - connected, S - static, I - IGRP, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP
       D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area
       N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2
       E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP
       i - IS-IS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2, ia - IS-IS inter area
       * - candidate default, U - per-user static route, o - ODR
       P - periodic downloaded static route

Gateway of last resort is not set

C    10.0.0.0/8 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0
C    20.0.0.0/8 is directly connected, Serial2/0
D    30.0.0.0/8 [90/21024000] via 20.0.0.2, 00:04:42, Serial2/0
D    40.0.0.0/8 [90/21026560] via 20.0.0.2, 00:02:34, Serial2/0



Router R1 having all networks information in its routing table,Check for R2 and R3 also.


Step 4:Now click on Pc and select Desktop->command prompt,then check connectivity between 10.0.0.10 and 40.0.0.10





PC>Ping 40.0.0.10

Pinging 40.0.0.10 with 32 bytes of data:

Request timed out.
Reply from 40.0.0.10: bytes=32 time=15ms TTL=125
Reply from 40.0.0.10: bytes=32 time=13ms TTL=125
Reply from 40.0.0.10: bytes=32 time=16ms TTL=125

Ping statistics for 40.0.0.10:
    Packets: Sent = 4, Received = 3, Lost = 1 (25% loss),
Approximate round trip times in milli-seconds:
    Minimum = 13ms, Maximum = 16ms, Average = 14ms




Verifying EIGRP Configurations

In Privileged Mode,

show ip route
show ip protocol
show ip eigrp topology


Post a Comment

  1. Its really a nice explanation ,but iam little bit confused ,that without IP ROUTE how its possible to make ping, and If its because of point-to -point protocol ,(is it is a alternate of ip route .)
    I never use PPP thats why totally confuseeee ,please help me out

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. ip route command only for static routing.. this is dynamic routing...see step 3 its for dynamic

      Delete

 
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